2023 # 155 Falls: Plan of Care

CMS Measure ID: #155

Collection Type: CQM

Reporting Frequency: Once per patient per year

Outcome: No

High Priority: Yes

NQS Domain: Communication and Care Coordination

Measure Age: > 2 years


This measure is to be submitted a minimum of once per performance period for patients seen during the performance period. There is no diagnosis associated with this measure. This measure is appropriate for use in all non-acute settings (with the exception of emergency departments and acute care hospitals). This measure may be submitted by Merit-based Incentive Payment System (MIPS) eligible clinicians who perform the quality actions described in the measure based on the services provided and the measurespecific denominator coding.

NOTE: Patient encounters for this measure conducted via telehealth (e.g., encounters coded with GQ, GT, 95, or POS 02 modifiers) are allowable.

Measure Submission Type:

The listed denominator criteria are used to identify the intended patient population. The numerator options included in this specification are used to submit the quality actions as allowed by the measure. The quality-data codes listed do not need to be submitted for registry-based submissions; however, these codes may be submitted for those registries that utilize claims data.


Percentage of patients aged 65 years and older with a history of falls that had a plan of care for falls documented within 12 months

2022 Benchmarks (from 2020 CMS data)


Topped out: Yes
Capped at 7: Yes

Minimum: 0 – 94.29
Decile 3: 94.3 – 98.63
Decile 4: 98.64 – 99.9
Decile 10: 100 – 100


All patients aged 65 years and older with a history of falls (history of falls is defined as 2 or more falls in the past year or any fall with injury in the past year). Documentation of patient reported history of falls is sufficient

Denominator Criteria (Eligible Cases):
Patients aged ≥ 65 years on date of encounter 


Patient screened for future fall risk; documentation of two or more falls in the past year or any fall with injury in the past year: 1100F


Patient encounter during the performance period (CPT or HCPCS): 92540, 92541, 92542, 92548, 97161, 97162, 97163, 97164, 97165, 97166, 97167, 97168, 99202, 99203, 99204, 99205, 99211, 99212, 99213, 99214, 99215, 99304, 99305, 99306, 99307, 99308, 99309, 99310, 99341, 99342, 99344, 99345, 99347, 99348, 99349, 99350, G0402, G0438, G0439



Hospice services for patient occurred any time during the measurement period: G9720


Patients with a plan of care for falls documented within 12 months

Numerator Instructions:
All components do not need to be completed during one patient visit, but should be documented in the medical record as having been performed within the past 12 months.


Plan of Care – Must include: balance, strength, and gait training

Balance, Strength, and Gait Training – Medical record must include: documentation that balance, strength, and gait training/instructions were provided OR referral to an exercise program, which includes at least one of the three components: balance, strength or gait OR referral to physical therapy

Fall – A sudden, unintentional change in position causing an individual to land at a lower level, on an object, the floor, or the ground, other than as a consequence of sudden onset of paralysis, epileptic seizure, or overwhelming external force

Numerator Options:

Performance Met:

Falls plan of care documented (0518F)


Denominator Exception:

Patient not ambulatory, bed ridden, immobile, confined to chair, wheelchair bound, dependent on helper pushing wheelchair, independent in wheelchair or minimal help in wheelchair (0518F with 1P)


Performance Not Met:

Falls plan of care not documented, reason not otherwise specified (0518F with 8P)



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